Sixteen toys out of 24 tested by Sight & Hearing Association (SHA) for their 21st Annual Noisy Toys List tested louder than 85 dB, which is the level set by the National Institute of Occupational Health and Safety (NIOSH) for mandatory hearing protection. What is most alarming is that the top two toys this year […]
Sixteen toys out of 24 tested by Sight & Hearing Association (SHA) for their 21st Annual Noisy Toys List tested louder than 85 dB, which is the level set by the National Institute of Occupational Health and Safety (NIOSH) for mandatory hearing protection. What is most alarming is that the top two toys this year are intended for infants under the age of six months. A baby's ear canal is very small and it makes them particularly susceptible to loud noises, even brief exposure to sounds over 85 dB can cause permanent hearing loss over time. By exposing our littlest ones to loud toys at such an early age we are recklessly introducing them to a world that is filled with noise. The top two infant toys, Bright Starts™ Safari Beats Musical Toy and Spin & Sing Alphabet Zoo by LeapFrog tested at 102.1 dB and 102 dB, which can damage hearing in less than 15 minutes when placed at a child's ear. Both toys are engaging and educational, but do toys really need to produce deafening sounds to teach us rhythm or our ABC's?
Toys are required to meet the acoustic standard set by the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM), which states that the sound-pressure level produced by toys shall not exceed 85 dB at 50 cm from the surface of the toy. While ASTM has acknowledged that 25 cm would be considered an average use distance for toys, they found 50 cm was a superior distance for measurement. And while there are no known sound limits that apply specifically for children, ASTM bases compliance on OSHA and U.S. military noise level limits for adults. According to SHA, “ASTM's testing standard is unreasonable. SHA believes that toys should be tested based on how a child would play with them, not how an adult would play with it. If you watch a child playing with a sound-producing toy you will see them hold it close to their face, next to their ears, which is much closer than a child's arm's length of approximately 10 inches (25 cm), let alone 50 cm for an adult.”, explains Kathy Webb, Executive Director of SHA.
According to NIOSH, exposure to noise levels above 85 dB for no more than eight hours is the federal threshold for hearing protection. SHA reminds consumers that hearing loss is cumulative and it typically does not occur from one event; it gradually develops over time as we age and it is critically important that we protect children's hearing. If you own a smartphone, consumers can download a sound level meter app that can measure the sound level of a toy. But if you don't own a smartphone, Webb says, "your ears will do just fine, because if a toy sounds too loud to you, it is too loud for a child's young ears.”
If your child receives a noisy toy this holiday season, there are a few things you can do to make it quieter in your house. SHA recommends testing the toy before you buy it. Webb suggests you, “push buttons and rattle toys as you walk through the toy aisle and it is okay to say NO to noisy toys. But if saying "no" is not an option, look for toys that have volume controls or on/off switches and you can also place clear packing tape over the speaker, it will reduce the sound level enough to make the toy ear-safe.”